West African leaders are meeting in Ghana’s capital for a summit of the economic community of African States (ECOWAS), in which rising insecurity in the Sahel and questions over how the block will pass to repair civilian rule following 3 separate army coups throughout the place are set to loom massive.

The meeting on Sunday in Accra comes because the quantity of armed attacks across the Sahel maintains to upward thrust, with the spiralling protection disaster – fuelled with the aid of a separatist motion in northern Mali in 2012 and a devolving safety state of affairs within the country’s primary region perpetuated by ISIL (ISIS) and al-Qaeda-related companies – showing no signs and symptoms of abating.

The violence, which has spilled into neighbouring Burkina Faso and Niger and the wider region, has displaced 2.5 million people in the last decade and piqued concerns of attacks spreading into the coastal West African states, with analyst Adeeb Sanni telling Al Jazeera there were at least 19 attacks in Ivory Coast, Benin and Togo in 2021, up from zero in 2019.The situation has been cast into further uncertainty by the withdrawal of French troops from Mali, where they had been stationed since 2013, and the country’s pivot towards Russian mercenaries.Critics have also attributed the continued violence in the region to poor governance following military-led coups in Mali, Burkina Faso, and Guinea that have strained relations with the Western allies and regional organisations.

 

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